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Description island Mainland Orkney

The inhabited large island of Mainland Orkney is part of (the island group) Orkney Islands and is located in the country of Great Britain , Western Europe. The distance to the mainland is about 27.8 km. The surface-area of the island is 493.6 km2 and is therefore 1.3 x times greater than the island of Isle of Wight. The island lies in the North Sea and the total coastal length is about 297.4 km and the dimensions of the island are approximately 42.5 km by 22.7 km (maximum width). The island is Northwest - Southeast oriented. The highest point is 271 meter and is named Mid Hill. The coordinates (latitude, longitude) of the island (center) for GPS are 59.01 (59°0'18.4824), -3.09 (-3°5'6.9216).


The population is 15315 and the population density is thus on 29.3 inhabitants per square kilometer (compared Isle of Wight 364 inhabitants / km²). The capital of the island is Kirkwall (located in the North-northeast of the island). Other places on the island are: Stromness (ZW), Birsay (NW). The island is located in the North of the country Great Britain . It is located in the administrative unit Council area Orkney Islands (local administrative level-name council area), in the Ward West Mainland (local administrative level-name Ward).
The island is accessible by car (by means of ferry or bridge). The distance from Western-Europe (The Netherlands) is about 1201 km. There is a ferry connection for cars to the mainland. For pedestrians, there is a ferry connection to the mainland also. There are ferry connections with car to other (neighboring) island (s). There are also (seasonal) ferry connections for pedestrians (-cyclists) with other (neighboring) island(s). Far as is known, there are good cycling opportunities on the island.
The land use on the island of Mainland Orkney consists of nature 90.4 km2 (18%), wet nature 49.7 km2 (10%), and agriculture 339.3 km2 (69%),


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Overview island Mainland Orkney

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